Ad Scutum, Clina: Roman legionaries always carried their scuta (shields) in their left hands. As such the command translates to: "To your shield, turn". Clina is an affirmative, meaning that one only performs the turn command upon it being called.
Ad Gladium, Clina: Roman legionaries always carried their gladii (swords) in their right hands. As such the command translates to: "To your sword, turn".
Transforma: Translates to: "To your back, turn." The soldier turns clockwise to face the opposite direction.
Ad Signa: Translates to: "To standards." The soldier falls into rank immediately.
Dirige Frontem: Translates to: "Straighten front." The soldier raises his/her chin to be parallel to the ground, straightens his/her back and fix any spacing irregularities between the ranks and columns.
Intra: Every second man in line starting from the right moves one pace backwards and one to the right to form two ranks with open space between columns.
Exi: The opposite of intra. The soldiers in the second rank move one pace left and one forwards to form one rank again.
Langia: Translates to: "Open ranks." The soldiers in each rank move to the sides and away from the soldiers in the centre.
Iunge: Translates to: "Close ranks." The soldiers reform the ranks to have perfect spacing between soldiers.
Sta: Translates to: "Halt." Used to stop formations
Dimitto: Translates to "Dismissed." Used to dismiss soldiers from formation.